Exploring Senior Demographics of Texas

Last Updated on April 20, 2024 by Rachel

Senior Statistics of Texas: Unveiling the Lone Star State’s Elderly Demographics


Introduction: The Heart of Texas and its Aging Population Texas, the sprawling and diverse Lone Star State, is not just a land of vibrant cultures, vast landscapes, and a rich history; it’s also home to a significant and growing senior population. As we delve into the American Community Survey 2022 Census data, we uncover a multifaceted picture of Texas’s seniors, aged 65 and over, and explore the diverse factors that shape their lives.

Population: A Tapestry of Sex, Age, and Race In the vast expanse of Texas, the senior population stands at a substantial 4,037,085, constituting 13.44% of the state’s total populace. Within this demographic, a balance of gender is evident, with 45.0% being male and 55.0% female. The median age, a significant marker of this senior community, rests at 72.9 years, reflecting a diverse range of experiences and perspectives.


Turning our focus to racial composition, the senior community represents a rich tapestry. The majority, 84.5%, identify with a single race, with 63.8% being White, 9.5% Black or African American, 4.5% Asian, and 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native. A notable 15.5% embrace the richness of two or more races, showcasing the state’s cultural diversity. The Hispanic or Latino origin, at 24.3%, adds an additional layer, emphasizing the multicultural fabric that defines Texas.

Relationships and Households: Navigating Family Dynamics Within households, the senior population of 3,935,075 reflects varied relationship dynamics. The majority, 88.4%, are either householders or spouses, underlining the significance of familial bonds. Parents account for 5.6%, while other relatives and nonrelatives constitute 3.8% and 2.1%, respectively. The prevalence of unmarried partners within the senior demographic is noteworthy, comprising 1.0% of nonrelatives.

Texas’s senior households, numbering 2,449,333, showcase a diverse array of structures. Family households, constituting 58.1%, include married-couple families (45.3%) and female householders without spouses (9.7%). Nonfamily households, at 41.9%, highlight the independence of seniors, with 39.2% opting to live alone.

Marital Status and Education: A Mosaic of Experiences In exploring marital status, Texas seniors exhibit a range of experiences. The majority (57.3%) are currently married, while others are widowed (21.3%), divorced (15.0%), separated (1.4%), or never married (5.0%). This diversity reflects the varied paths seniors have walked throughout their lives.

Educational attainment among Texas seniors reveals a commitment to lifelong learning. With 17.0% having less than a high school education, 25.6% holding a high school diploma or equivalent, 27.4% with some college or associate’s degree, and 30.0% attaining a bachelor’s degree or higher, the senior community represents a mosaic of educational backgrounds.

Responsibility, Veteran Status, and Disability: A Look at Commitment and Challenges A unique aspect of Texas’s senior landscape is the responsibility for grandchildren under 18 years. The data indicates that 6.3% of seniors are living with grandchildren, with 1.5% actively responsible for their care. This underscores the intergenerational connections and the role seniors play in shaping the lives of younger family members.

Veteran status reveals that 14.1% of Texas seniors are civilian veterans, contributing to the state’s legacy of military service. Examining disability status, 35.6% of the civilian noninstitutionalized population faces some form of disability, emphasizing the need for supportive services and accessibility initiatives.

Language Status: A Multilingual Melting Pot In the linguistic landscape, Texas seniors reflect the state’s multicultural identity. While 72.5% speak only English at home, 27.5% converse in a language other than English. Within this group, 13.9% speak English less than “very well,” highlighting the linguistic diversity that adds vibrancy to Texas’s senior community.

As we unravel the layers of Texas’s senior demographics, we gain a profound understanding of the varied and interconnected lives that make up this demographic. From diverse racial backgrounds to unique family structures, educational pursuits, and linguistic diversity, Texas seniors embody the essence of a dynamic and evolving community.

Employment Status: Seniors and the Texas Workforce Within the vibrant senior community of Texas, comprising 4,037,085 individuals, the employment landscape reveals a dynamic engagement. A notable 20.2% of seniors are part of the labor force, with 19.6% employed and 0.7% actively seeking employment. This workforce participation, representing 3.3% of the civilian labor force, emphasizes the continued contribution of seniors to Texas’s economic vitality.

Income Status: A Tapestry of Financial Realities Examining the income status of Texas seniors, we uncover a mosaic of financial realities within 2,449,333 households. Earnings play a significant role, with 42.0% of senior households having income from work, averaging at $72,045. Social Security income is a crucial pillar for 85.7% of seniors, with an average income of $23,325. Supplemental Security Income supports 7.6%, providing an average of $10,161. Cash public assistance income is a factor for 1.4%, averaging at $3,460. Retirement income, a reflection of lifelong contributions, sustains 50.3% of seniors, with an average of $33,279. Additionally, 10.2% receive Food Stamp/SNAP benefits, addressing essential nutritional needs.

Poverty Status: Navigating Economic Challenges The socioeconomic landscape unveils that 3,946,613 seniors face determinations of poverty status. A noteworthy 12.3% fall below 100 percent of the poverty level, 9.1% reside within 100 to 149 percent, while a substantial 78.6% live at or above 150 percent of the poverty level. These figures underscore the economic diversity and resilience of Texas’s senior population.

Housing Status: Diverse Residences for Texas Seniors Housing tenure provides insight into the living arrangements of Texas seniors. The majority, 78.5%, occupy owner-occupied housing units, emphasizing a sense of stability and ownership. Renter-occupied housing units account for 21.5%, showcasing a diverse range of housing options. The average household size differs between these categories, with owner-occupied units at 2.08 and renter-occupied units at 1.59.

Selected characteristics within housing units highlight the nuances of senior living. A mere 1.0% experience a lack of telephone service, emphasizing the importance of connectivity. In terms of space, 1.4% have 1.01 or more occupants per room, providing insight into the varied living conditions.

Breaking down owner-occupied housing units further, the financial dynamics emerge. About 74.6% experience monthly owner costs below 30 percent of their income, ensuring financial stability. For the remaining 25.4%, monthly costs surpass this threshold. The median value of these homes is $243,100, showcasing the economic diversity within this housing segment.

In contrast, renter-occupied units reveal a different scenario. A larger proportion, 58.5%, faces monthly gross rent exceeding 30 percent of their income. The median gross rent stands at $1,091, shedding light on the financial commitments associated with renting.

Conclusion: The Rich Tapestry of Texas’s Senior Demographics As we traverse the landscape of Texas’s senior demographics, a rich tapestry unfolds, woven with threads of diversity, resilience, and dynamic engagement. From the cultural mosaic reflected in racial composition to the familial dynamics within households, educational pursuits, and linguistic diversity, Texas seniors embody a myriad of experiences.

The economic realities, as depicted through employment, income, and poverty status, unveil the varied financial landscapes traversed by seniors. Whether actively contributing to the workforce, relying on diverse income streams, or navigating the challenges of poverty, Texas seniors showcase adaptability and perseverance.

Housing status further emphasizes the diverse living arrangements, from homeownership stability to the flexibility of renting. The financial intricacies within these housing units underscore the economic diversity present among Texas seniors.

In the mosaic of Texas’s senior population, each data point represents a unique story, contributing to the collective narrative of a thriving and dynamic community. Stay tuned for further exploration into the second part of the American Community Survey 2022 Census data, where we continue unraveling the layers of Texas’s senior statistics.